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RADIOLOGICAL TRAINING

Please click on the following links to go down the page to the course descriptions:

  1. Fundamentals Course for Radiological Response [FCRR] (24 Hours)

  2. Hospital Emergency Department Management of Radiation Accidents [HRA-2] (8 Hours)

  3. Modular Emergency Response to Radiological Transportation Training Course [MERRTT] (14 Hours) [Now serving as the RO Refresher]

  4. Compressed MERRTT Course [C-MERRTT] (8 Hours)

  5. Radiological Assistant Initial Course [RAIC] (4 Hours) *

  6. Radiological Assistant Refresher Course [RARC] (2.5 Hours) *

  7. Radiological Officer Initial Course [ROIC] (13.5 Hours) *

  8. Radiological Officer Refresher Course [RORC] (8.5 Hours) *

  9. Radiological Response Team Initial Course [RRTI] (16 Hours)

  10. Radiological Response Team Refresher Course [RRTR] (8 Hours)

  11. WMD Radiological / Nuclear Awareness (8 Hours)

* These courses are under revision

PLEASE NOTE: In order to take a Refresher Course, you must have taken the Prerequisite Training (such as Radiological Assistant, Radiological Response Team and/or Radiological Officer courses).

Fundamentals Course for Radiological Response (FCRR)
[FCRR-2]

Course Length:

24 hours (3 days); however, each module can stand alone.


Course Strategy:

The Fundamentals Course for Radiological Response (FCRR) consists of 14 modules that provide participants with the knowledge, skills, and abilities to meet the Operations Competencies in the areas of Scene Assessment, Incident Command System, Tactics and Strategies, use of Personal Protection Equipment (PPE), Patient Treatment and Pre-Hospital Response. Instructional methods include classroom lecture and demonstration, hands-on use of equipment, and response to field and tabletop exercises. Participant proficiency is measured through the successful completion of a cognitive examination and assessment of their skills while participating in authentic simulations.


Course Goal:

The purpose of this course is to meet the Operations Level Competency for first responders and hazardous materials teams who may encounter or be called to manage radiological incidents. Participants will be able to support planning, emergency response, and recovery activities in the event of a radiological incident.


Course Objectives:

At the conclusion of this course, participants will be able to:

  1. Explain the characteristics of ionizing radiation.

  2. List the units used to measure both radiation and radioactivity.

  3. Specify the factors that will affect biological response to radiation and describe the risk in various types of radiation incidents.

  4. Identify environmental pathways of radionuclide transport.

  5. Describe the basic principles of exposure limits and guidelines, including the guidelines established by the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Regulatory Guides, and EPA Protective Actions Guides (PAGs).

  6. Identify common sources of radiation and review the shipment of radioactive material.

  7. Identify hazards for radioactive material using fixed facility postings, package labels, placards, shipping papers, and the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG).

  8. Analyze the guidance provided by the Emergency Response Guidebook and locate the response guides for radioactive material within the ERG.

  9. Explain the features of the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and the Incident Command System (ICS) and its functions. Define the radiological response roles and responsibilities of responders within the framework of both the ICS and the radiological field response plan.

  10. Identify the differences between survey and contamination meters. Use, care for, and accurately read instruments and dosimeters.

  11. Use the table, Response of Radiation Monitoring Instruments to Normalized Risk Quantities of Radionuclides, and knowledge of radiological instruments to select and use radiological instruments for assessment of hypothetical radiation incidents.

  12. Describe the difference between radiation exposure and contamination and the control methods applicable to each.

  13. List basic protective actions or measures used to limit and prevent the spread of contamination.

  14. Given descriptions of radiation hazards, develop strategies for exposure control, contamination control, and decontamination actions in hypothetical radiation incidents.

  15. Describe the proper methods to properly handle, treat, and transport a potentially contaminated patient.

  16. Explain measures that can be taken to minimize ambulance contamination when transporting a potentially contaminated patient.

  17. Demonstrate proficiency in the application of skills learned through practical exercise/simulation and tabletop exercises.


Target Audience:

This course is intended for first response personnel and members of hazardous materials teams primarily at the local and tribal level of government. This course is also appropriate for first receivers and other first responders identified within the FEMA resource typing initiative. Resource typing is an important component of the National Incident Management System (NIMS).


Course Prerequisites:

To be accepted into this course, applicants must have previously completed:

  1. FEMA's Independent Study Course, Radiological Emergency Management (IS-3) or an equivalent.

  2. OSHA Awareness Level competency as listed in the Radiological Training Strategy the Department of Energy's, Modular Emergency Response Radiological Transportation Training (MERRTT).

It is highly recommended that participants also complete the following FEMA Independent Study Courses:

  1. IS-100, Introduction to the Incident Command System.

  2. IS-200, Incident Command System for Single Resources and Initial Action Incidents.

  3. IS-700, National Incident Management System (NIMS), An Introduction.


Certifying Agency:

Center for Domestic Preparedness, FEMA

Hospital Emergency Department Management of Radiation Accidents [HRA-2]

Course Length:

8 Classroom Hours

Course Description

The course provides the participants with an Overview of Radiation and Its Effects on Humans, the knowledge and skills on how to Prepare to Receive Patients Involved in Radiological Incidents, Care of Patients Involved in Radiological Incidents, and the opportunity to participate in a simulation in which you assess and treat victims injured in a radiological incident.


Course Objectives

Distinguish among the types of radiation injuries. Describe the health effects associated with radiation exposure. Discuss the characteristics and limitations of various survey instruments. Use, care for and accurately read radiation detection instruments. Locate the presence of radioactive materials in order to prevent the spread of contamination. Prepare the emergency department area and staff for patient reception. Assess, treat and care for a patient who is contaminated with radioactive materials. Follow the necessary procedures to decontaminate the facility, all equipment and personnel.


Course Prerequisites

IS 346, Orientation to Hazardous Materials for Medical Personnel

Certifying Agency:

Center for Domestic Preparedness, FEMA

Modular Emergency Response to Radiological Transportation Training (MERRTT) Course

Course Length:

14 Classroom Hours

Course Goal:

The DOE developed its Modular Emergency Response Radiological Transportation Training (MERRTT) program to help simplify radioactive material accident response. DOE offers the MERRTT program to state and local agencies located along DOE transportation corridors. The training program is designed to take the topic of a radiological response and break it down into easily understood modules. The course includes use of hands-on activities using “live” radiation sources to reinforce learning. The full course is delivered in a 2-day format.

Description of Course:

By completing MERRTT, students will develop a comprehensive understanding of radioactive material, common radiological survey instruments, decontamination techniques for handling radiologically contaminated victims, and resources available to you during your response. An important element of the training is detailed information on the types of packages used to transport
radioactive material.

Certifying Agency:

U.S. Department of Energy, Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program (TEPP).

Compressed MERRTT Course

Course Length:

8 Classroom Hours

Course Goal:

The DOE developed its Modular Emergency Response Radiological Transportation Training (MERRTT) program to help simplify radioactive material accident response. DOE offers the MERRTT program to state and local agencies located along DOE transportation corridors. The training program is designed to take the topic of a radiological response and break it down into easily understood modules. The course includes use of hands-on activities using “live” radiation sources to reinforce learning.

Description of Course:

By completing MERRTT, students will develop a comprehensive understanding of radioactive material, common radiological survey instruments, decontamination techniques for handling radiologically contaminated victims, and resources available to you during your response. An important element of the training is detailed information on the types of packages used to transport radioactive material.

Certifying Agency:

U.S. Department of Energy, Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program (TEPP)

Radiological Assistant Initial Course
[RAIC]

Course Length:

4 Hours (4 hours lecture)

Course Goal:

The objective of the Radiological Assistant Initial Course (RAIC) is to provide the participants with the skills to function as Radiological Assistant during the initial response phase of a radiological incident/accident. The course is designed to 1) provide initial responders with the capability to conduct lifesaving activities when warranted, 2) provide essential information to other units responding to the scene, and 3) provide necessary skills to initiate immediate protective action for initial/follow-on responders and the general public, until further radiological expertise arrives.

Description of Course:

Provide participants with the basic understanding of ionizing radiation, sources of radiation, biological effects of radiation exposure, provide skills necessary to provide useful radiological response information to follow-on response elements, and to initiate protective actions for themselves, victims, and the general population.

Certifying Agency:

Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency (PEMA)

Radiological Assistant Refresher Course

Course Length:

2.5 Hours (2.5 hours lecture)

Prerequisite:

Radiological Assistant Initial Course.

Course Goal:

The objective of the Radiological Assistant Refresher Course (RAIC) is to provide the participants with the skills to function as Radiological Assistant during the initial response phase of a radiological incident/accident. The course is designed to 1) provide initial responders with the capability to conduct lifesaving activities when warranted, 2) provide essential information to other units responding to the scene, and 3) provide necessary skills to initiate immediate protective action for initial/follow-on responders and the general public, until further radiological expertise arrives.

Description of Course:

Provide participants with the basic understanding of ionizing radiation, sources of radiation, biological effects of radiation exposure, provide skills necessary to provide useful radiological response information to follow-on response elements, and to initiate protective actions for themselves, victims, and the general population.

Certifying Agency:

Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency (PEMA)

Radiological Officer Initial Course

Course Length:

13.5 Hours (11 hours lecture & 3 hours lab)

Course Goal:

The purpose of this course is to qualify selected individuals to serve as local Radiological Officers (ROs) who are responsible for developing, managing, evaluating, and exercising a radiological protection system (RPS).

Description of Course:

Provide participants with an understanding of the roles and responsibilities of the county or agency Radiological Officer, describe the framework within which the radiological response team functions, provide fundamental knowledge of radiation and its affects, and proper response and pre-recovery procedures for a RAM incident.

Certifying Agency:

Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency (PEMA)

 

Radiological Officer Refresher Course

Course Length:

8.5 Hours (6.5 hours lecture & 2 hours lab)

Prerequisite:

Radiological Officer Initial Course

Course Goal:

The purpose of this course is to qualify selected individuals to serve as local Radiological Officers (ROs) who are responsible for developing, managing, evaluating, and exercising a radiological protection system (RPS).

Description of Course:

Provide participants with an understanding of the roles and responsibilities of the county or agency Radiological Officer, describe the framework within which the radiological response team functions, provide fundamental knowledge of radiation and its affects, and proper response and pre-recovery procedures for a RAM incident.

Certifying Agency:

Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency (PEMA)

 

Radiological Response Team Initial Course

Course Length:

16 Hours (14 hours lecture & 2 hours lab)

Course Goal:

The objective of the RRT Initial Course is to provide the participants with the skills to function as Radiological Response Team members. They will be able to provide guidance to radiological material responders during a radiological response in an actual radiological material(s) (RAM) incident/event or exercise. Participants will be able to provide essential information to the Radiological Officer, Hazardous Material Officer, Operations Officer, or the Incident Commander when warranted.

Description of Course:

Provide participants with an understanding of the roles and responsibilities of radiological response team members, describe the framework within which the radiological response team functions, provide fundamental knowledge of radiation and its affects, proper initial assessment/size-up procedures for a RAM incident.

Certifying Agency:

Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency (PEMA)

 

Radiological Response Team Refresher Course

Course Length:

8 Hours (6.5 hours lecture & 1.5 hours lab)

Prerequisite:

Radiological Response Team Initial Course.

Course Goal:

The objective of the RRT Refresher Course is to provide the participants with the skills to function as Radiological Response Team members. They will be able to provide guidance to hazardous material responders during a radiological response in an actual radiological material(s) (RAM) incident/event or exercise. Participants will be able to provide essential information to the Radiological Officer, Hazardous Material Officer, Operations Officer, or the Incident Commander when warranted.

Description of Course:

Provide participants with an understanding of the roles and responsibilities of radiological response team members, describe the framework within which the radiological response team functions, provide fundamental knowledge of radiation and its affects, proper initial assessment/size-up procedures for a RAM incident.

Certifying Agency:

Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency (PEMA)

 

WMD Radiological / Nuclear Awareness

Course Length:

8 Hours (8 hours lecture)

Course Description:

This course is a weapons of mass destruction (WMD) radiological/nuclear overview designed for first responders and other personnel who are likely to be the first to arrive on the scene of a radiological/nuclear incident. It focuses on the basics of radiation, possible health effects, hazard identification, and proper notification procedures. The course consists of classroom instruction.

Certifying Agency:

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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